Mpala Research Centre Publications



Alphayo, L., Wasonga, O. V., Odadi, W. O., & Ngugi, R. K. (2016). Differences of Soil Properties between Planned and Unplanned Grazing Sites in Semi-Arid Pastoral Rangelands of Northern Kenya. International Journal of Innovative Research & Development, 5(13), 15–23. Retrieved from

Baker, C. C. M., Bittleston, L. S., Sanders, J. G., & Pierce, N. E. (2016). Dissecting host-associated communities with DNA barcodes. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371(1702), 20150328.

Brubaker, A. S., & Coss, R. G. (2016). Effects of Single- and Mixed-Species Group Composition on the Flight Initiation Distances of Plains and Grevy’s Zebras. Ethology, 122(7), 531–541.

Campana, M. G., Parker, L. D., Hawkins, M. T. R., Young, H. S., Helgen, K. M., Gunther, M.S., Woodroffe, R., Maldonado, J.E., & Fleischer, R. C. (2016). Genome sequence, population history, and pelage genetics of the endangered African wild dog (Lycaon pictus). BMC Genomics, 17(1), 1013.

Coverdale, T. C., Kartzinel, T. R., Grabowski, K. L., Shriver, R. K., Hassan, A. A., Goheen, J. R., Palmer, T.M., & Pringle, R. M. (2016). Elephants in the understory: Opposing direct and indirect effects of consumption and ecosystem engineering by megaherbivores. Ecology, 97(11), 3219–3230.

Ezenwa, V. O., & Snider, M. H. (2016). Reciprocal relationships between behaviour and parasites suggest that negative feedback may drive flexibility in male reproductive behaviour. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283, 20160423.

Farine, D. R., Strandburg-Peshkin, A., Berger-Wolf, T., Ziebart, B., Brugere, I., Li, J., & Crofoot, M. C. (2016). Both Nearest Neighbours and Long-term Affiliates Predict Individual Locations During Collective Movement in Wild Baboons. Scientific Reports, 6(February), 27704.

Gawriluk, T. R. Simkin, J., Thompson, K. L., Biswas, S., Clare-Salzler, Z., Kimani, J. M., Kiama, S. G., Ezenwa V. O., Smith, J. J., and Seifert, A. W. (2016). Comparative analysis of ear-hole closure identifies epimorphic regeneration as a discrete trait in mammals. Nature Communications, 7, 11164.

Ghai, R. R., Mutinda, M., & Ezenwa, V. O. (2016). Limited sharing of tick-borne hemoparasites between sympatric wild and domestic ungulates. Veterinary Parasitology, 226, 167–173.

Goldenberg, S. Z., Oduor, S., Margaret, F. K., Daballen, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I., & Wittemyer, G. (2016). Evidence of strong spatial segregation between elephant subpopulations in the contiguous Laikipia–Samburu ecosystem in Kenya. African Journal of Ecology, 54, 261–264.

Gower, D.B., Dell’Angelo, J., McCord, P.F., Caylor, K.K., & Evans, T.P. (2016). Modeling ecohydrological dynamics of smallholder strategies for food production in dryland agricultural systems. Environmental Research Letters, 11(11), 115005.

Guerra, A. S., Eckerlin, R. P., Dowling, A. P. G., Durden, L. A., Robbins, R. G., Dittmar, K., Helgen, K.M., Agwanda, B., Allan, B.F., Hedlund, T., & Young, H. S. (2016). Host-Parasite Associations in Small Mammal Communities in Semiarid Savanna Ecosystems of East Africa. Journal of Medical Entomology, 53(4), 851–860.

IPBES (2016b). Summary for policymakers of the assessment report of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services on pollinators, pollination and food production. S.G. Potts, V. L. Imperatriz-Fonseca, H. T. Ngo, J. C. Biesmeijer, T. D. Breeze, L. V. Dicks, L. A. Garibaldi, R. Hill, J. Settele, A. J. Vanbergen, M. A. Aizen, S. A. Cunningham, C. Eardley, B. M. Freitas, N. Gallai, P.G. Kevan, A. Kovács-Hostyánszki, P.K. Kwapong, J. Li, X. Li., D.J. Martins, G. Nates-Parra, J.S. Pettis, R. Rader, & B. F. Viana (eds.). Bonn, Germany: Secretariat of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.

Isbell, L. A., & Bidner, L. R. (2016). Vervet monkey (Chlorocebus pygerythrus) alarm calls to leopards (Panthera pardus) function as a predator deterrent. Behaviour, 153(5), 591–606.

Keen, S., Meliza, C. D., Pilowsky, J., & Rubenstein, D. R. (2016). Song in a Social and Sexual Context: Vocalizations Signal Identity and Rank in Both Sexes of a Cooperative Breeder. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 4(May), 1–9.

Kibet, S., Nyangito, M., MacOpiyo, L., & Kenfack, D. (2016). Tracing innovation pathways in the management of natural and social capital on Laikipia Maasai Group Ranches, Kenya. Pastoralism, 6(1), 16.

Kimiti, D. W., Riginos, C., & Belnap, J. (2016). Low-cost grass restoration using erosion barriers in a degraded African rangeland. Restoration Ecology, (September).

Kimuyu, D. M. (2016). Cattle, wildlife and fire interactions in a savanna ecosystem, Laikipia, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

King, E. G., & Franz, T. E. (2016). Combining ecohydrologic and transition probability-based modeling to simulate vegetation dynamics in a semi-arid rangeland. Ecological Modelling, 329, 41–63.

Lalampaa, P. K., Wasonga, O. V., Rubenstein, D. I., & Njoka, J. T. (2016). Effects of holistic grazing management on milk production, weight gain, and visitation to grazing areas by livestock and wildlife in Laikipia County, Kenya. Ecological Processes, 5(1), 17.

Lalampaa, P. K. (2016). Influence of Holistic Grazing Management on Herbaceous Species Diversity, Range Use Pattern and Livestock Productivity in Laikipia County, Kenya (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Louthan, A. M. (2016). The Relative Strength of Abiotic and Biotic Controls on Species Range Limits (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from

Martins, D. J., & Collins, S. C. (2016). Pocket Guide: Butterflies of East Africa. Penguin-Random House-Struik South Africa. 144 pp.

Matsumoto-Oda, A., & Collins, A. D. (2016). Two newly observed cases of fish-eating in anubis baboons. Letters on Evolutionary Behavioral Science, 7(1), 5–9.

Milligan, P. D., Prior, K. M., & Palmer, T. M. (2016). An invasive ant reduces diversity but does not disrupt a key ecosystem function in an African savanna. Ecosphere, 7(10), e01502.

Obonyo, M. O., Akoko, J. M., Orinde, A. B., Osoro, E., Boru, W. G., Njeru, I., & Fèvre, E. M. (2016). Suspected rabies in humans and animals, Laikipia county, Kenya. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 22(3), 551–553.

Pauly, A. (2016). Description de Patellapis (Chaetalictus) mpalaensis sp. nov. et redescription de P. (C.) virungae Timmermann, 2009 de l'Afrique orientale et centrale (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Halictidae). Belgian Journal of Entomology, 36, 1–11.

Porensky, L. M., & Young, T. P. (2016). Development of edge effects around experimental ecosystem hotspots is affected by hotspot density and matrix type. Landscape Ecology, 31(8), 1663–1680.

Pringle, R. M., Prior, K. M., Palmer, T. M., Young, T. P., & Goheen, J. R. (2016). Large herbivores promote habitat specialization and beta diversity of African savanna trees. Ecology, 97(10), 2640–2657.

Rubenstein, D. R. (2016). Superb starlings: cooperation and conflict in an unpredictable environment. In W. Koenig & J. Dickinson (Eds.), Cooperative Breeding in Vertebrates: Studies of Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior (pp. 181–196). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Rubenstein, D. R., Skolnik, H., Berrio, A., Champagne, F. A., Phelps, S., & Solomon, J. (2016). Sex-specific fitness effects of unpredictable early life conditions are associated with DNA methylation in the avian glucocorticoid receptor. Molecular Ecology, 25(8), 1714–1728.

Rudolpha, K. P., & McEntee, J. P. (2016). Spoils of war and peace: Enemy adoption and queen-right colony fusion follow costly intraspecific conflict in acacia ants. Behavioral Ecology, 27(3), 793–802.

Schieltz, J.M., & Rubenstein, D.I. (2016). Evidence based review: positive versus negative effects of livestock grazing on wildlife. What do we really know? Environmental Research Letters, 11(11), 113003.

Smith, D. A., Gordon, I. J., Traut, W., Herren, J., Collins, S., Martins, D. J., Saitoti, K. and Ireri, P. (2016). A neo-W chromosome in a tropical butterfly links colour pattern, male-killing, and speciation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1835), 20160821.

Strandburg-Peshkin, A. (2016). From fish schools to primate societies: The dynamics of collective movement in animal groups (Doctoral dissertation). Retrieved from ProQuest Dissertations and Theses. (Accession Order No. 10194675)

Uyehara, I. K., Sisanya, M., Hemp, C., & Rubenstein, D. I. (2016). Effects of traditional pastoralism on grasshopper (Caelifera) assemblages in East Africa. African Journal of Ecology, 54(2), 167–173.

Veblen, K. E., Porensky, L. M., Riginos, C., & Young, T. P. (2016). Are cattle surrogate wildlife? Savanna plant community composition explained by total herbivory more than herbivore type. Ecological Applications, 26(6), 1610–1623.


Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., S.J. Davies, A.C. Bennett, M.F. Kinnaird, et al. 2014. CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology, in press. 

Brown, J.W., R.S. Copeland, L. Aarvik, S.E. Miller, M.E. Rosati, and Q. Luke. 2014. Host records for fruit-feeding Afrotropical Tortricidae (Lepidoptera). African Entomology 22(2): 343-376. 

DePuy, W., V. Benka, A. Massey, S. Deem, M. Kinnaird, T. O’Brien, S. Wanyoike, J. Njoka, B. Butt, J. Foufopoulos, J. Eisenberg, R. and Hardin.  2014. Q Fever Risk Across a Dynamic, Heterogeneous Landscape in Central Kenya. 11(3): 429-433.

Dolrenry, S., J. Stenglein, L. Hazzah, R.S. Lutz, and L. Frank. 2014. Metapopulation approach to African lion (Panthera leo) conservation. PLOS ONE 9:e88081.

Ford, A.T., J.R. Goheen, T.O. Otieno, L. Bidner, L.A. Isbell, T.M. Palmer, D. Ward, R. Woodroffe, R.M. Pringle. 2014. Large carnivores make savanna tree communities less thorny. Science 346(6207): 346-349. 

Kartzinel, T.R., J.R. Goheen, G.K. Charles, E. Defranco, J.E. Maclean, T. Otieno, T.M. Palmer, and R.M. Pringle. 2014. Plant and small mammal responses to large-herbivore exclusion in a semi-arid African savanna: the first five years of the UHURU experiment. Ecology 95:787.

Kaye-Zwiebel, E., and E. King. 2014. Kenyan pastoralist societies in transition: varying perceptions of the value of ecosystem services. Ecology and Society 19(3): 17.

Keesing, F. and T.P. Young. 2014. Cascading consequences of the loss of large mammals in an African savanna. Bioscience 64: 487-405.

Kendall, C.J., M.Z. Virani, J.G.C. Hopcraft, K.L. Bildstein, D.I. Rubenstein. 2014 African Vultures Don’t Follow Migratory Herds: Scavenger Habitat Use Is Not Mediated by Prey Abundance. PLoS ONE. 1:9: e83470.

Kimuyu, D.K., R.L. Sensenig, C. Riginos, K.E. Veblen and T.P. Young. 2014. Wild and domestic browsers and grazers reduce fuels, fire temperatures, and acacia ant mortality in an African savanna. Ecological Applications 24(4): 741-749.

Lekerpes, S.S., J.O. Jung’a, M.S. Badamana, and D.I. Rubenstein. 2014. Genetic Polymorphism of Beta-lactoglobulin in Kenyan Small East African Goat Breed Using PCR-RFLP and Sequencing. Journal of Animal Science 9: 233-23.

Louthan, A.M., D.F. Doak, J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer, and R.M. Pringle. 2014. Mechanisms of plant–plant interactions: concealment from herbivores is more important than abiotic-stress mediation in an African savannah. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281:20132647.

Ngatia, L.W., K.R. Reddy, P.K.R. Naira, R.M. Pringle, T.M. Palmer, and B.L. Turner. 2014. Seasonal patterns in decomposition and nutrient release. Agriculture, Ecosystems, & Environment 188: 12-19.

Petipas, R.H. and A.K. Brody. 2014. Termites and ungulates affect arbuscular mycorrhizal richness and infectivity in a semi-arid savanna. Botany 92: 233-240.

Pringle, R.M., J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer, G.K. Charles, E. Defranco, R Hohbein, A.T. Ford, and C. Tarnita. 2014. Low functional redundancy among mammalian browsers in regulating an encroaching shrub (Solanum campylacanthum) in African savanna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281:20140390.   

Riginos, C., M.A. Karande, D.I. Rubenstein, and T.M. Palmer. 2014. Disruption of a protective ant- plant mutualism by an invasive ant increases elephant damage to savanna trees. Ecology, in press. 

Roberts, B.A. and D.I. Rubenstein. 2014. Maternal tactics for mitigating neonate predation risk during the postpartum period in Thomson’s gazelle. Behavior 151(9): 1229-1248.

Scott, S.E., R.S. Copeland, M.E. Rosati and P.D.N. Hebert. 2014. DNA barcodes of Microlepidoptera reared from native fruit in Kenya. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 116: 137-142.

Tallis, H., J. Lubchenko and 238 co-signatories (including M.F. Kinnaird). 2014. A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515(7525): 27-28.

Tarnita, C.E., T.M. Palmer, and R.M. Pringle. 2014. Colonisation and competition dynamics can explain incomplete sterilisation parasitism in ant–plant symbioses. Ecology Letters 17(10): 1290-1298.

Toth, A.B., S.K. Lyons, and A.K. Behrensmeyer. 2014. A century of change in Kenya’s mammal communities: increased richness and decreased uniqueness in six protected areas. PLoS ONE 9(4): e93092. 

Young, H. S., R. Dirzo, K. M. Helgen, D. J. McCauley, S. Billeter, M. Kosoy, L. Osikowicz, T. P. Young, and K. Dittmar. 2014. Declines in large wildlife increase landscape-level prevalence of rodent-borne disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111: 7036-7041.


Beauquier, J., P. Blanchard, J. Burman, et al. 2013. Tight complexity analysis of population protocols with cover times - The ZebraNet example. Theoretical Computer Science 512:15-27.

Bergstrom, B.J. 2013. Would East African savanna rodents inhibit woody encroachment? Evidence from stable isotopes and microhistological analysis of feces. Journal of Mammalogy 94: 436-447.

Creel, S., B. Dantzer, W. Goymann, and D. Rubenstein. 2013. The ecology of stress: effects of the social environment. Functional Ecology 27: 66-80.

Donihue, C.M., L.M. Porensky, J. Foufopoulus, C. Riginos, and R.M. Pringle. 2013. Glade cascades: indirect legacy effects of pastoralism enhance the abundance and spatial structuring of arboreal fauna. Ecology 94: 827-837.
Isbell, L.A. 2013. Erythrocebus patas Patas monkey. In: The Mammals of Africa: Vol. II Primates (J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, and J. Kalina, eds.). Bloomsbury Publishing, London, pp. 257-264.

Isbell, L.A. and Jaffe, K.L.E. 2013 Chlorocebus pygerythrus Vervet monkey. In: The Mammals of Africa: Vol II Primates (J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, and J. Kalina, eds.). Bloomsbury Publishing, London, pp. 277-283.

Isbell, L.A., J.M. Rothman, P.J. Young and K. Rudolph. 2013. Nutritional benefits of Crematogaster mimosae ants and Acacia drepanolobium gum for patas monkeys and vervets in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150: 286-300.
Keen, S.C., C.D. Meliza and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Flight calls signal group and individual identity but not kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Behavioral Ecology, 24: 1279-1285.

Keesing, F., B.F. Allan, T.P. Young, and R.S. Ostfeld. 2013. Effects of wildlife and cattle on tick abundance in central Kenya. Ecological Applications 23: 1410–1418.

Kirigia, A., J.T. Njoka, P.D Kinyua & T.P. Young. 2013. Characterizations of livestock manure marketing chain and the annual income contribution of manure trade in Mukogodo, Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:5864-5871.
Lane, P.J. 2013. Trajectories to pastoralism in northern and central Kenya: an overview of the archaeological and environmental evidence. Pp. 104-144 in: M. Bollig and Hans-Peter Wotzka (eds.), Pastoralism in Africa: Past, Present and Future. Oxford: Berghahn.

Louthan, A. M., D. F. Doak, J. R. Goheen, T. M. Palmer and R. M. Pringle. 2013. Climatic stress mediates the impacts of herbivory on plant population structure and components of individual fitness. Journal of Ecology 101:1074-1083.
Maia, R., D.R. Rubenstein, and M.D. Shawkey. 2013. Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110:10687-10692.
Martins, D.J. and S.D. Johnson. 2013. Interactions between hawkmoths and flowering plants in East Africa: polyphagy and evolutionary specialization in an ecological context. Biological Journal of the Linean Society. DOI: 10.1111/bij.12107

Martins, D.J. 2013. People, Plants and Pollinators: Uniting Conservation, Food Security, and Sustainable Agriculture in East Africa. Conservation Biology: Voices from the Tropics, First Edition. Navjot S. Sodhi, Luke Gibson, and Peter H. Raven. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Published 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Meliza, C.D., S.C. Keen and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Pitch- and spectral-based dynamic time warping methods for comparing field recordings of harmonic avian vocalizations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134:1407-1415.
Palmer, T.M., M.L. Stanton, T.P. Young, J.S. Lemboi, J.R. Goheen, and R.M. Pringle. In press. A role for indirect facilitation in supporting diversity in a guild of African acacia ants. Ecology 94:1531-1539.
Pilowsky, J.A. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder. Animal Behaviour 85: 709-714.
Porensky, L.M. and T.P. Young. 2013. Edge-effects interactions in fragmented and patchy landscapes. Conservation Biology 27 (3): 509-519.
Porensky, L.M., S.E. Wittman, C. Riginos, and T.P. Young. 2013. Herbivory and drought interact to enhance spatial patterning and diversity in a savanna understory. Oecologia 173:591-602.
Porensky, L.M., S.F. Bucher, K.E. Veblen, A.C. Treydte, and T.P. Young. 2013. Megaherbivores and cattle alter edge effects around nutrient hotspots in an East African savanna.  Journal of Arid Environments 96: 55-63.
Poulsen, J. R., C. J. Clark, and T. M. Palmer. 2013. Ecological erosion of an Afrotropical forest and potential consequences for tree recruitment and forest biomass. Biological Conservation 163: 122-130.

Rota, J. and S. Miller. 2013. A new genus of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae) with Afrotropical and Australasian distribution. ZooKeys 355(2013): 29-47.
Rubin, B.E., R.M. Anderson, D. Kennedy, T.M. Palmer, and M.L. Stanton. 2013. Polygyny in the nest-site limited acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Insectes Sociaux 60: 231-241.
Rudolph, K. E. and T. M. Palmer. 2013. Carbohydrates as fuel for defense, foraging and colony growth – a field test with the tropical plant-ant Crematogaster nigriceps in Laikipia, Kenya. Biotropica 45:620-627.
Sankaran, S., D.J. Augustine and J. Ratnam. 2013. Native ungulates of diverse body sizes collectively regulate long-term woody plant demography and structure of a semi-arid savanna. Journal of Ecology 101:1389-1399.

Schumer, M., R. Birger, C. Tantipathananandh, J. Aurisano, M. Maggioni, and P. Mwangi. 2013. Infestation by a common parasite is correlated with ant symbiont identity in a plant-ant mutualism. Biotropica 45:276-279.
Soderberg, K., S. P. Good, M. O’Connor, L. Wang, K. Ryan, and K. K. Caylor. 2013. Using atmospheric trajectories to model the isotopic composition of rainfall in central Kenya. Ecosphere 4(3): 33.

Veblen, K.E. 2013. Impacts of traditional livestock corrals on woody plant communities in an East African savanna. Rangeland Journal 35: 349-353.

Veiga, J.P., Wamiti, W., Polo, V. and Muchai, M. 2013. Interaction between distant taxa in the use of tree cavities in African ecosystems: a study using nest-boxes. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29:187-197.

Wilkerson, M.L., L. Roche & T.P. Young. 2013. Indirect effects of domestic and native herbivores on butterflies in an African savanna. Ecology and Evolution 3:3672-3682.
Young, H. S., D. J. McCauley, K. M. Helgen, E. Otarola-Castillo, J. R. Goheen, T. M. Palmer, R. M. Pringle, T. P. Young and R. Dirzo. 2013. Effects of mammalian herbivore declines on plant communities: Observations and experiments in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology 101:1030-1041.
Yusuf, A.A., R.M. Crewe, and C.W.W. Pirk. 2013. An effective method for maintaining the African termite-raiding ant Pachycondyla analis in the laboratory. African Entomology 21(2): 132-136.
Yusuf, A.A., I. Gordon, R.M. Crewe, and C.W.W. Pirk. 2013. Prey choice and raiding behavior of the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla analis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 48: 3445-358. 

Zero, V.H., S.R. Sundaresan, T.G. O'Brien and M.F. Kinnaird. 2013. Monitoring an Endangered savannah ungulate, Grevy's Equus grevyi: choosing a method for estimating population densities. Oryx 47: 410-419.


Crall, J.P., C.V. Stewart, T.Y. Berger-Wolf, D.I. Rubenstein, and S.R. Sundaresan. 2012. HotSpotter - Pattern Species Instance Recognition. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision, January, 2013.

Chandler, M., D.P. Bebber, S. Castro, M.D. Lowman, P. Muoria, N. Oguge, and D. I Rubenstein. 2012. International citizen science: making the local global. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 328-331.

Dixit, A., S. Levin, and D. I Rubenstein. 2012. Reciprocal insurance among Kenyan pastoralists. DARPA. Theoretical Ecology 6(2): 173-187. DOI: 10.1007/s12080-012-0169-x. 

Dunne, J., R.P. Evershed, M. Salque, L. Cramp, S. Bruni, K. Ryan, S. Biagetti & S. di Lernia. 2012. First dairying in green Saharan Africa in the fifth millennium bc. N ature 486: 390-394.

Franz T. E., K.K Caylor, E. G. King, J. M. Nord­botten, M. A. Celia, and I. Rodríguez-Iturbe. 2012. An ecohydrological approach to predict­ing hillslope-scale vegetation patterns in dry­land ecossytems. Water Resources Research 48: W01515.

Goheen, J.R., T.M. Palmer, G.K. Charles, K.M. Helfen, S.N. Kinyua, J.E. Maclean, H.S. Young and R.M. Pringle. 2012. Piecewise disassembly of a large-herbivore community across a rainfall gradient: The UHURU experiment. PLoS One 8 (2): e55192.

Good, S.P., K. Soderberg, L. Wang, K.K. Caylor. 2012. Uncertainties in the assessment of the isotopic composition of surface fluxes: A direct comparison of techniques using laser-based water vapor isotope analyzers. Journal of Geophysical Research 117.
Herrick, J.E., S. Andrews, G. Baldi, B.T. Bestelmeyer, J. Brown, J. Davies, M. Duniway, K.M. Havstad, D. Peters, J. Quinton, C. Riginos, P. Shaver, D. Steinaker, and S. Twomlow. 2012. Revolutionary land use change in the 21st century: is (rangeland) science relevant? Rangeland Ecology and Management 65: 590-598.
Kinnaird, M.F., T.G. O’Brien. 2012. Effects of Private-Land Use, Livestock Management, and Human Tolerance on Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance of Large African Mammals. Conservation Biology 00 (0): 1-14.
Kuria, S.K. and M. H. Villet. 2012. The role of ants and mammalian herbivores on the structure and composition of insect communities found on canopies of Acacia drepanolobium. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7:5317-5331.
Miller, G.R., J.M. Cable, A.K. McDonald, B.Bond, T.E. Franz, L. Wang, S. Gou, A.P. Tyler, C.B. Zou and R.L. Scott. 2012. Understanding ecohy­drological connectivity in savannas: a system dynamics modelling approach. Ecohydrology 5:200–220.

Odadi, W.O., S.A. Abdulrazak, M.M. Karachi, & T.P. Young. Protein supplementation-driven shifts in forage selection by cattle: implications for cattle wildlife coexistence. Ecological Applications, in press.
Ogada, D.L., Torchin, M.E., Kinnaird, M.F. and V.O. Ezenwa. 2012. Effects of vulture declines on facultative scavengers and potential impli­cations for mammalian disease transmission. Conservation Biology 26: 453-460.

Palmer, T.M. and A.K. Brody. 2012 Enough is enough: The effects of symbiotic ant abundance on herbivory, growth and reproduction in an African acacia. Ecology 94: 683-691.

Porensky, Lauren McGeoch. 2012. Interacting edges in an African savanna.  Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Davis.

Porensky, L.M. and K.E. Veblen. 2012. Grasses and large herbivores reinforce landscape het­erogeneity by excluding trees from ecosystem hotspots. Oecologia, 168:749-759.

Pringle, R.M. 2012. How to be manipulative. American Scientist 100:30-37.

Riginos, C., J. Belknap and D. Kamiti. 2012. Cost-effectiveness of simple technologies to reduce erosion and promote grass establishment. RB-04-2012, USAID.
Riginos, C., J. Herrick, and P. Shaver. 2012. Return on investments in land management with ecological site information.  RB-06-2012, USAID.
Riginos, R., L.M. Porensky, K.E. Veblen, W.O. Odadi, R.L. Sensenig, F. Keesing, D. Kimuyu, M.L. Wilkerson, and T.P. Young.  2012. Lessons on the relationship between pastoralism and biodiversity from the Kenya Long-term Exclosure Experiment (KLEE). Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2012 3:1.
Seifert, A. W., S.G. Kiama, M.G. Seifert, J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer & M. Maden. 2012. Skin shedding and tissue regeneration in African spiny mice (Acomys). Nature 489:561–565.

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Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., Young, T.P. 1998. Locomotor activity differences between sympatric patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): implications for the evolution of long hindlimb length in Homo. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 105: 199-207.

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Young, T.P. 1998. Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density, and distribution. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 42: 123-133.

Keesing, F. 1998. Ecology and behavior of the pouched mouse, Saccostomus mearnsi, in central Kenya. Journal of Mammalogy 79: 919-931.

Keesing, F. 1998. Impacts of ungulates on the demography and diversity of small mammals in central Kenya. Oecologia 116: 381-389.

McNaughton, S.J., Stronach, N.R.H., Georgiadis, N.J. 1998. Combustion in natural fires and global emissions budgets. Ecological Applications 8: 464-468.

Young, T.P., Okello, B.D. 1998. Relaxation of an induced defense after exclusion of herbivores: spines on Acacia drepanolobium. Oecologia 115: 508-513.

Young, T.P., Okello, B.D., Kinyua, D., & Palmer, T.M. 1998. KLEE: a long-term multi-species herbivore exclusion experiment in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 14: 94-104.


Young, T.P., Stubblefield, C.H., Isbell, L.A. 1997. Ants on swollen-thorn acacias: species coexistence in a simple system. Oecologia 109: 98-107.


Isbell, L.A., Van Vuren, D. 1996. Differential costs of locational and social dispersal and their consequences for female group-living primates. Behaviour 133: 1 – 36.


Young, T.P. 1995. Landscape mosaics created by canopy gaps, forest edges and bushland glades. Selbyana 16: 127-134.

Young, T.P., Partridge, N., Macrae, A. 1995. Long-term glades in acacia bushland and their edge effects in Laikipia, Kenya. Ecological Applications 5: 97-108.