Mpala Research Centre and Conservancy Publications


2014

Anderson-Teixeira, K.J., S.J. Davies, A.C. Bennett, M.F. Kinnaird, et al. 2014. CTFS-ForestGEO: a worldwide network monitoring forests in an era of global change. Global Change Biology, in press. 

Brown, J.W., R.S. Copeland, L. Aarvik, S.E. Miller, M.E. Rosati, and Q. Luke. 2014. Host records for fruit-feeding Afrotropical Tortricidae (Lepidoptera). African Entomology 22(2): 343-376. 

DePuy, W., V. Benka, A. Massey, S. Deem, M. Kinnaird, T. O’Brien, S. Wanyoike, J. Njoka, B. Butt, J. Foufopoulos, J. Eisenberg, R. and Hardin.  2014. Q Fever Risk Across a Dynamic, Heterogeneous Landscape in Central Kenya. 11(3): 429-433.

Dolrenry, S., J. Stenglein, L. Hazzah, R.S. Lutz, and L. Frank. 2014. Metapopulation approach to African lion (Panthera leo) conservation. PLOS ONE 9:e88081.

Ford, A.T., J.R. Goheen, T.O. Otieno, L. Bidner, L.A. Isbell, T.M. Palmer, D. Ward, R. Woodroffe, R.M. Pringle. 2014. Large carnivores make savanna tree communities less thorny. Science 346(6207): 346-349. 

Kartzinel, T.R., J.R. Goheen, G.K. Charles, E. Defranco, J.E. Maclean, T. Otieno, T.M. Palmer, and R.M. Pringle. 2014. Plant and small mammal responses to large-herbivore exclusion in a semi-arid African savanna: the first five years of the UHURU experiment. Ecology 95:787.

Kaye-Zwiebel, E., and E. King. 2014. Kenyan pastoralist societies in transition: varying perceptions of the value of ecosystem services. Ecology and Society 19(3): 17.

Keesing, F. and T.P. Young. 2014. Cascading consequences of the loss of large mammals in an African savanna. Bioscience 64: 487-405.

Kendall, C.J., M.Z. Virani, J.G.C. Hopcraft, K.L. Bildstein, D.I. Rubenstein. 2014 African Vultures Don’t Follow Migratory Herds: Scavenger Habitat Use Is Not Mediated by Prey Abundance. PLoS ONE. 1:9: e83470.

Kimuyu, D.K., R.L. Sensenig, C. Riginos, K.E. Veblen and T.P. Young. 2014. Wild and domestic browsers and grazers reduce fuels, fire temperatures, and acacia ant mortality in an African savanna. Ecological Applications 24(4): 741-749.

Lekerpes, S.S., J.O. Jung’a, M.S. Badamana, and D.I. Rubenstein. 2014. Genetic Polymorphism of Beta-lactoglobulin in Kenyan Small East African Goat Breed Using PCR-RFLP and Sequencing. Journal of Animal Science 9: 233-23.

Louthan, A.M., D.F. Doak, J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer, and R.M. Pringle. 2014. Mechanisms of plant–plant interactions: concealment from herbivores is more important than abiotic-stress mediation in an African savannah. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281:20132647.

Ngatia, L.W., K.R. Reddy, P.K.R. Naira, R.M. Pringle, T.M. Palmer, and B.L. Turner. 2014. Seasonal patterns in decomposition and nutrient release. Agriculture, Ecosystems, & Environment 188: 12-19.

Petipas, R.H. and A.K. Brody. 2014. Termites and ungulates affect arbuscular mycorrhizal richness and infectivity in a semi-arid savanna. Botany 92: 233-240.

Pringle, R.M., J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer, G.K. Charles, E. Defranco, R Hohbein, A.T. Ford, and C. Tarnita. 2014. Low functional redundancy among mammalian browsers in regulating an encroaching shrub (Solanum campylacanthum) in African savanna. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 281:20140390.   

Riginos, C., M.A. Karande, D.I. Rubenstein, and T.M. Palmer. 2014. Disruption of a protective ant- plant mutualism by an invasive ant increases elephant damage to savanna trees. Ecology, in press. 

Roberts, B.A. and D.I. Rubenstein. 2014. Maternal tactics for mitigating neonate predation risk during the postpartum period in Thomson’s gazelle. Behavior 151(9): 1229-1248.

Scott, S.E., R.S. Copeland, M.E. Rosati and P.D.N. Hebert. 2014. DNA barcodes of Microlepidoptera reared from native fruit in Kenya. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington 116: 137-142.

Tallis, H., J. Lubchenko and 238 co-signatories (including M.F. Kinnaird). 2014. A call for inclusive conservation. Nature 515(7525): 27-28.

Tarnita, C.E., T.M. Palmer, and R.M. Pringle. 2014. Colonisation and competition dynamics can explain incomplete sterilisation parasitism in ant–plant symbioses. Ecology Letters 17(10): 1290-1298.

Toth, A.B., S.K. Lyons, and A.K. Behrensmeyer. 2014. A century of change in Kenya’s mammal communities: increased richness and decreased uniqueness in six protected areas. PLoS ONE 9(4): e93092. 

Young, H. S., R. Dirzo, K. M. Helgen, D. J. McCauley, S. Billeter, M. Kosoy, L. Osikowicz, T. P. Young, and K. Dittmar. 2014. Declines in large wildlife increase landscape-level prevalence of rodent-borne disease. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 111: 7036-7041.

2013

Beauquier, J., P. Blanchard, J. Burman, et al. 2013. Tight complexity analysis of population protocols with cover times - The ZebraNet example. Theoretical Computer Science 512:15-27.

Bergstrom, B.J. 2013. Would East African savanna rodents inhibit woody encroachment? Evidence from stable isotopes and microhistological analysis of feces. Journal of Mammalogy 94: 436-447.

Creel, S., B. Dantzer, W. Goymann, and D. Rubenstein. 2013. The ecology of stress: effects of the social environment. Functional Ecology 27: 66-80.

Donihue, C.M., L.M. Porensky, J. Foufopoulus, C. Riginos, and R.M. Pringle. 2013. Glade cascades: indirect legacy effects of pastoralism enhance the abundance and spatial structuring of arboreal fauna. Ecology 94: 827-837.
 
Isbell, L.A. 2013. Erythrocebus patas Patas monkey. In: The Mammals of Africa: Vol. II Primates (J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, and J. Kalina, eds.). Bloomsbury Publishing, London, pp. 257-264.

Isbell, L.A. and Jaffe, K.L.E. 2013 Chlorocebus pygerythrus Vervet monkey. In: The Mammals of Africa: Vol II Primates (J.S. Kingdon, D. Happold, T.M. Butynski, M. Hoffman, M. Happold, and J. Kalina, eds.). Bloomsbury Publishing, London, pp. 277-283.

Isbell, L.A., J.M. Rothman, P.J. Young and K. Rudolph. 2013. Nutritional benefits of Crematogaster mimosae ants and Acacia drepanolobium gum for patas monkeys and vervets in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 150: 286-300.
 
Keen, S.C., C.D. Meliza and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Flight calls signal group and individual identity but not kinship in a cooperatively breeding bird. Behavioral Ecology, 24: 1279-1285.

Keesing, F., B.F. Allan, T.P. Young, and R.S. Ostfeld. 2013. Effects of wildlife and cattle on tick abundance in central Kenya. Ecological Applications 23: 1410–1418.

Kirigia, A., J.T. Njoka, P.D Kinyua & T.P. Young. 2013. Characterizations of livestock manure marketing chain and the annual income contribution of manure trade in Mukogodo, Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Agricultural Research 8:5864-5871.
 
Lane, P.J. 2013. Trajectories to pastoralism in northern and central Kenya: an overview of the archaeological and environmental evidence. Pp. 104-144 in: M. Bollig and Hans-Peter Wotzka (eds.), Pastoralism in Africa: Past, Present and Future. Oxford: Berghahn.

Louthan, A. M., D. F. Doak, J. R. Goheen, T. M. Palmer and R. M. Pringle. 2013. Climatic stress mediates the impacts of herbivory on plant population structure and components of individual fitness. Journal of Ecology 101:1074-1083.
 
Maia, R., D.R. Rubenstein, and M.D. Shawkey. 2013. Key ornamental innovations facilitate diversification in an avian radiation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 110:10687-10692.
 
Martins, D.J. and S.D. Johnson. 2013. Interactions between hawkmoths and flowering plants in East Africa: polyphagy and evolutionary specialization in an ecological context. Biological Journal of the Linean Society. DOI: 10.1111/bij.12107

Martins, D.J. 2013. People, Plants and Pollinators: Uniting Conservation, Food Security, and Sustainable Agriculture in East Africa. Conservation Biology: Voices from the Tropics, First Edition. Navjot S. Sodhi, Luke Gibson, and Peter H. Raven. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Published 2013 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
 
Meliza, C.D., S.C. Keen and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Pitch- and spectral-based dynamic time warping methods for comparing field recordings of harmonic avian vocalizations. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America 134:1407-1415.
 
Palmer, T.M., M.L. Stanton, T.P. Young, J.S. Lemboi, J.R. Goheen, and R.M. Pringle. In press. A role for indirect facilitation in supporting diversity in a guild of African acacia ants. Ecology 94:1531-1539.
 
Pilowsky, J.A. and D.R. Rubenstein. 2013. Social context and the lack of sexual dimorphism in song in an avian cooperative breeder. Animal Behaviour 85: 709-714.
 
Porensky, L.M. and T.P. Young. 2013. Edge-effects interactions in fragmented and patchy landscapes. Conservation Biology 27 (3): 509-519.
 
Porensky, L.M., S.E. Wittman, C. Riginos, and T.P. Young. 2013. Herbivory and drought interact to enhance spatial patterning and diversity in a savanna understory. Oecologia 173:591-602.
 
Porensky, L.M., S.F. Bucher, K.E. Veblen, A.C. Treydte, and T.P. Young. 2013. Megaherbivores and cattle alter edge effects around nutrient hotspots in an East African savanna.  Journal of Arid Environments 96: 55-63.
 
Poulsen, J. R., C. J. Clark, and T. M. Palmer. 2013. Ecological erosion of an Afrotropical forest and potential consequences for tree recruitment and forest biomass. Biological Conservation 163: 122-130.

Rota, J. and S. Miller. 2013. A new genus of metalmark moths (Lepidoptera, Choreutidae) with Afrotropical and Australasian distribution. ZooKeys 355(2013): 29-47.
 
Rubin, B.E., R.M. Anderson, D. Kennedy, T.M. Palmer, and M.L. Stanton. 2013. Polygyny in the nest-site limited acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Insectes Sociaux 60: 231-241.
 
Rudolph, K. E. and T. M. Palmer. 2013. Carbohydrates as fuel for defense, foraging and colony growth – a field test with the tropical plant-ant Crematogaster nigriceps in Laikipia, Kenya. Biotropica 45:620-627.
 
Sankaran, S., D.J. Augustine and J. Ratnam. 2013. Native ungulates of diverse body sizes collectively regulate long-term woody plant demography and structure of a semi-arid savanna. Journal of Ecology 101:1389-1399.

Schumer, M., R. Birger, C. Tantipathananandh, J. Aurisano, M. Maggioni, and P. Mwangi. 2013. Infestation by a common parasite is correlated with ant symbiont identity in a plant-ant mutualism. Biotropica 45:276-279.
 
Soderberg, K., S. P. Good, M. O’Connor, L. Wang, K. Ryan, and K. K. Caylor. 2013. Using atmospheric trajectories to model the isotopic composition of rainfall in central Kenya. Ecosphere 4(3): 33.

Veblen, K.E. 2013. Impacts of traditional livestock corrals on woody plant communities in an East African savanna. Rangeland Journal 35: 349-353.

Veiga, J.P., Wamiti, W., Polo, V. and Muchai, M. 2013. Interaction between distant taxa in the use of tree cavities in African ecosystems: a study using nest-boxes. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29:187-197.

Wilkerson, M.L., L. Roche & T.P. Young. 2013. Indirect effects of domestic and native herbivores on butterflies in an African savanna. Ecology and Evolution 3:3672-3682.
 
Young, H. S., D. J. McCauley, K. M. Helgen, E. Otarola-Castillo, J. R. Goheen, T. M. Palmer, R. M. Pringle, T. P. Young and R. Dirzo. 2013. Effects of mammalian herbivore declines on plant communities: Observations and experiments in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology 101:1030-1041.
 
Yusuf, A.A., R.M. Crewe, and C.W.W. Pirk. 2013. An effective method for maintaining the African termite-raiding ant Pachycondyla analis in the laboratory. African Entomology 21(2): 132-136.
 
Yusuf, A.A., I. Gordon, R.M. Crewe, and C.W.W. Pirk. 2013. Prey choice and raiding behavior of the Ponerine ant Pachycondyla analis (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Journal of Natural History 48: 3445-358. 

Zero, V.H., S.R. Sundaresan, T.G. O'Brien and M.F. Kinnaird. 2013. Monitoring an Endangered savannah ungulate, Grevy's Equus grevyi: choosing a method for estimating population densities. Oryx 47: 410-419.

2012

Crall, J.P., C.V. Stewart, T.Y. Berger-Wolf, D.I. Rubenstein, and S.R. Sundaresan. 2012. HotSpotter - Pattern Species Instance Recognition. IEEE Workshop on Applications of Computer Vision, January, 2013.

Chandler, M., D.P. Bebber, S. Castro, M.D. Lowman, P. Muoria, N. Oguge, and D. I Rubenstein. 2012. International citizen science: making the local global. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 10: 328-331.

Dixit, A., S. Levin, and D. I Rubenstein. 2012. Reciprocal insurance among Kenyan pastoralists. DARPA. Theoretical Ecology 6(2): 173-187. DOI: 10.1007/s12080-012-0169-x. 

Dunne, J., R.P. Evershed, M. Salque, L. Cramp, S. Bruni, K. Ryan, S. Biagetti & S. di Lernia. 2012. First dairying in green Saharan Africa in the fifth millennium bc. N ature 486: 390-394.

Franz T. E., K.K Caylor, E. G. King, J. M. Nord­botten, M. A. Celia, and I. Rodríguez-Iturbe. 2012. An ecohydrological approach to predict­ing hillslope-scale vegetation patterns in dry­land ecossytems. Water Resources Research 48: W01515.

Goheen, J.R., T.M. Palmer, G.K. Charles, K.M. Helfen, S.N. Kinyua, J.E. Maclean, H.S. Young and R.M. Pringle. 2012. Piecewise disassembly of a large-herbivore community across a rainfall gradient: The UHURU experiment. PLoS One 8 (2): e55192.

Good, S.P., K. Soderberg, L. Wang, K.K. Caylor. 2012. Uncertainties in the assessment of the isotopic composition of surface fluxes: A direct comparison of techniques using laser-based water vapor isotope analyzers. Journal of Geophysical Research 117.
 
Herrick, J.E., S. Andrews, G. Baldi, B.T. Bestelmeyer, J. Brown, J. Davies, M. Duniway, K.M. Havstad, D. Peters, J. Quinton, C. Riginos, P. Shaver, D. Steinaker, and S. Twomlow. 2012. Revolutionary land use change in the 21st century: is (rangeland) science relevant? Rangeland Ecology and Management 65: 590-598.
 
Kinnaird, M.F., T.G. O’Brien. 2012. Effects of Private-Land Use, Livestock Management, and Human Tolerance on Diversity, Distribution, and Abundance of Large African Mammals. Conservation Biology 00 (0): 1-14.
 
Kuria, S.K. and M. H. Villet. 2012. The role of ants and mammalian herbivores on the structure and composition of insect communities found on canopies of Acacia drepanolobium. African Journal of Agricultural Research 7:5317-5331.
 
Miller, G.R., J.M. Cable, A.K. McDonald, B.Bond, T.E. Franz, L. Wang, S. Gou, A.P. Tyler, C.B. Zou and R.L. Scott. 2012. Understanding ecohy­drological connectivity in savannas: a system dynamics modelling approach. Ecohydrology 5:200–220.

Odadi, W.O., S.A. Abdulrazak, M.M. Karachi, & T.P. Young. Protein supplementation-driven shifts in forage selection by cattle: implications for cattle wildlife coexistence. Ecological Applications, in press.
 
Ogada, D.L., Torchin, M.E., Kinnaird, M.F. and V.O. Ezenwa. 2012. Effects of vulture declines on facultative scavengers and potential impli­cations for mammalian disease transmission. Conservation Biology 26: 453-460.

Palmer, T.M. and A.K. Brody. 2012 Enough is enough: The effects of symbiotic ant abundance on herbivory, growth and reproduction in an African acacia. Ecology 94: 683-691.

Porensky, Lauren McGeoch. 2012. Interacting edges in an African savanna.  Ph.D. Dissertation, University of California at Davis.

Porensky, L.M. and K.E. Veblen. 2012. Grasses and large herbivores reinforce landscape het­erogeneity by excluding trees from ecosystem hotspots. Oecologia, 168:749-759.

Pringle, R.M. 2012. How to be manipulative. American Scientist 100:30-37.

Riginos, C., J. Belknap and D. Kamiti. 2012. Cost-effectiveness of simple technologies to reduce erosion and promote grass establishment. RB-04-2012, USAID.
 
Riginos, C., J. Herrick, and P. Shaver. 2012. Return on investments in land management with ecological site information.  RB-06-2012, USAID.
 
Riginos, R., L.M. Porensky, K.E. Veblen, W.O. Odadi, R.L. Sensenig, F. Keesing, D. Kimuyu, M.L. Wilkerson, and T.P. Young.  2012. Lessons on the relationship between pastoralism and biodiversity from the Kenya Long-term Exclosure Experiment (KLEE). Pastoralism: Research, Policy and Practice 2012 3:1.
 
Seifert, A. W., S.G. Kiama, M.G. Seifert, J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer & M. Maden. 2012. Skin shedding and tissue regeneration in African spiny mice (Acomys). Nature 489:561–565.

Soderberg, K., S.P. Good, L. Wang, and K. K. Caylor. 2012. Stable isotopes of water vapor in the Vadose Zone: A review of measurement and modeling techniques. Vadose Zone Journal 11 (3): DOI: 10.2136/vzj2011.0165.

Veblen, K.E. 2012. Savanna glade hotspots: plant community development and synergy with large herbivores. Journal of Arid Environ­ments 78:119-127 

Wang, L., C. Zou, F. O'Donnell, S. Good, T. Franz, G.R. Miller, K.K. Caylor, J.M. Cable and B. Bond. 2012. Characterizing ecohydrological and biogeochemical connectivity across multiple scales: a new conceptual framework. Ecohydrology 5:221–233.

2011

Agassiz, D.J.L. 2011. The Lepidoptera of Acacia domatia in Kenya, with description of two new genera and six new species. Journal of Natural History 45: 1867-1893.

Augustine, D.J., T.P. Young, K.E. Veblen, C. Riginos  & J.R. Goheen. 2011. Pathways for positive cattle-wildlife interactions in semi-arid rangelands.  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s 

Baldock, K.C.R., J. Memmott, J.C. Ruiz-Guajardo, D. Roze, and G.N. Stone. 2011. Daily temporal structure in African savanna flower visitation networks and consequences for network sampling. Ecology 92: 687-698.

Didier, K.A., A. Cotterill, I. Douglas-Hamilton, L. Frank, N.J. Georgiadis, M. Graham, F. Ihwagi, J. King, D. Malleret-King, D. Rubenstein, D. Wilkie & R. Woodroffe. 2011. Landscape-scale conservation planning of the Ewaso Nyiro:  a model for land-use planning in Kenya?  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:105-123.  

Didier, K. A., A. Cotterill, I. Douglas-Hamilton, L. Frank, N. J. Georgiadis, M. Graham, F. Ihwagi, J. King, D. Malleret-King, D. I. Rubenstein, D. Wilkie, and R. Woodroffe. 2011. Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem. In: Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology, 632: 105-123. N. J. Georgiadis, ed. Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press.

Frank, L. Living with Lions: Lessons from Laikipia. 2011. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:73-84. 

Frank, L.G., Cotterill, A., Dolrenry, S. Hazzah, L. 2011. The role of carbofuran in the decline of lions and other carnivores in Kenya. In Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches. Ed. by  N. Richards.  John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, pp.70-74.

Franz, T. E., J. Nolan, J. M. Nordbotten, K. K. Caylor, and L. D. Slater. 2011. Quantifying transient soil moisture dynamics using multipoint direct-current resistivity in homogeneous sand. Vadose Zone Journal. 10:286–298.

Franz, T. E., E. G. King, K. K Caylor, and D. A. Robinson. 2011. Coupling vegetation organization patterns to soil resource heterogeneity in a central Kenyan dryland using geophysical imagery. Water Resour. Res. 47:W07531, doi:10.1029/2010WR010127.

Georgiadis, N. J. 2011. Conserving wildlife in African landscapes: Kenya's Ewaso ecosystem. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 632:vi-123.

Georgiadis, N.J. 2011. Introduction: Conserving wildlife in Kenya’s Ewaso landscape.  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:1-10.  

Georgiadis, N.J., J.G.N. Olwero, Osundwa and G. Aike. 2011.  Reassessing aerial sample surveys for wildlife monitoring, conservation, and management. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:31-42.  

Gitahi, N. & K.H. Fitzgerald. 2011. Conserving wildlife on private land: the legal framework for landownership and new tools for conservation. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:95-104.  

Good, S.P. and K.K. Caylor. 2011. Climatological determinants of woody cover in Africa. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 108: 4902-4907.

Kingdon, J., B. Agwanda, M. Kinnaird, T. O'Brien, C. Holland, T. Gheysens, M. Boulet-Audet, and F. Vollrath. 2011. A poisonous surprise under the coat of the African crested rat. Proc. Roy. Soc. B published online before print August 3, 2011, doi:10.1098/rspb.2011.1169

Lahiri, M., C. Tantipathananandh, R. Warungu, D. I. Rubenstein & T. Y. Berger-Wolf. 2011. Biometric Animal Databases from Field Photographs: Identification of Individual Zebra in the Wild. Proceedings of the ACM International Conference on Multimedia Retrieval (ICMR 2011), Trento, Italy.

Lane, P.J. An outline of the later Holocene archaeology and precolonial history of the Ewaso Basin, Kenya. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:11-30.

Maclean, J.E., J.R. Goheen, T.M. Palmer, & T.P. Young. 2011. Small mammals limit tree population growth in an African savanna. Ecology 92:1626–1636.

Maclean, J.E., J.R. Goheen, D.F. Doak, T.M. Palmer, and T.P. Young. 2011. Cryptic herbivores mediate the strength and form of ungulate impacts on a savanna tree. Ecology 92:1626-1636.

Nuñez, C., C. S. Asa & D. I. Rubenstein. 2011. Zebra Reproduction: Plains Zebra (Equus burchelli), Mountain Zebra (Equus zebra), and Grevy’s Zebra (Equus grevyi). Pp. 2851-2865. In: Equine Reproduction, 2nd edition. A. O. McKinnon, E. L Squires, W. E. Vaala & D. D. Varner, eds. Wiley-Blackwell, Ames, Iowa.

O’Brien, T.G. & M.F. Kinnaird. 2011. Density estimation of sympatric carnivores using spatially explicit capture—recapture methods and standard trapping grid. Ecological Applications 21(8): 2908-2916.

Odadi, W.O., A.S. Abdulrazak, M.M. Karachi & T.P. Young. 2011. African wild ungulates compete with, or facilitate, cattle depending on season. Science 333:1753-1755.

Odadi, W.O.O., M. Jain, S.E. Van Wieren, H.H.T. Prins and D.I. Rubenstein. 2011. Facilitation between bovids and equids in an African savanna. Evolutionary Ecology Research 13:237-252.

Ogada, D.L. and N.C. Gregory. 2011. Northward extension of the known range of the Bush pipit Anthus caffer blayneyi  in Kenya and preliminary evidence for a northern breeding population. Scopus 31: 11-18.

Ogada, D.L. 2011. A chronicling of long-standing carbofuran use and its menace to wildlife in Kenya: Threats of secondary Furadan poisoning to scavengers, especially vultures, in Kenya. In: N. Richards (Ed), Carbofuran and Wildlife Poisoning: Global Perspectives and Forensic Approaches. John Wiley & Sons Ltd., Chichester, pp. 74-76.

Parker, G., S. Sundaresan, G. Chege, T. O'Brien. 2011. Using sample aerial surveys to estimate the abundance of the endangered Grevy's zebra in northern Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 49: 56-61.

Porensky, L.M. 2011. When edges meet: interacting edge effects in an African savanna. Journal of Ecology 99: 923-934. 

Pringle, R.M., T.M. Palmer, D.J. McCauley, and F. Keesing. 2011. Ecological importance of large herbivores in the Ewaso ecosystem.  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:43-54.  

Riginos, C., J.E. Herrick, S.R. Sundaresan, C. Farley, and J. Belnap. 2011. A simple graphical approach to quantitative monitoring of rangelands. Rangelands 133: 6-13.

Roberts, B. 2011. Perinatal behavior of a wild Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi) mare and foal. Journal of ethology 30:205-209. Doi: 10.1007/s10164-011-0308-7.

Romañach, S.S., P.A. Lindsey and R. Woodroffe. 2011. Attitudes toward predators and options for their conservation in the Ewaso Ecosystem.  Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology (Conserving Wildlife in African Landscapes: Kenya’s Ewaso Ecosystem, N. Georgiadis, ed.) 632:85-94.  

Rubenstein, D. I. 2011. Family equidae (Horses and relatives). Pp. 106-143. In: Handbook of Mammals of the World, Vol. 2, Hoofed Mammals, D. E. Wilson and R. A. Mittermeier, eds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Rubenstein, D.R. 2011. Spatiotemporal environmental variation, risk aversion, and the evolution of cooperative breeding as a bet-hedging strategy. PNAS. www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1100303108

Shrestha, B., Reed, J.M., Starks, P.T.B., Kaufman, G.E., Goldstone, J.V., Roelke, M.E., O'Brien, S.J., Koepfli, K. Frank, L.G., Court, M. 2011. Evolution of a major drug metabolizing enzyme defect in the domestic cat and other Felidae: Phylogenetic timing and the role of hypercarnivory. PLoS ONE 6(3): e18046. oi:10.1371/journal.pone.0018046

Stanton, M.L. and T.M. Palmer. 2011. The high cost of mutualism: effects of four species of East African ant symbionts on their myrmecophyte host tree. Ecology 92: 1073–1082.

Sundaresan, S.R., C. Riginos, E.S. Abelson 2011. Management and analysis of camera trap data: alternative approaches (response to Harris et al. 2010).  Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 92:188-195.

Woodroffe, R. 2011. Demography of a recovering African wild dog (Lycaon pictus) population. Journal of Mammalogy 92: 305-315.

Woodroffe, R. 2011. Ranging behaviour of African wild dog packs in a human-dominated landscape. Journal of Zoology 283: 88-97.

Woodroffe R. and C.A. Donnelly. 2011. Risk of contact between endangered African wild dogs Lycaon pictus and domestic dogs: opportunities for pathogen transmission. Journal of Applied Ecology 48:1345-1354.  DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2664.2011.02059.x

2010

Adamski, D., Copeland, R.S., Miller, S.E., Hebert, P.D.N., Darrow, K., Luke, Q. 2010. A review of African Blastobasinae (Lepidoptera: Gelechioidea: Coleophoridae), with new taxa reared from native fruits in Kenya. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 630: v-68.

Augustine, D.J. 2010. Response of native ungulates to drought in semi-arid Kenyan rangeland. African Journal of Ecology, online.

Baldock, K., Memmott, J., Guajardo, J.R., Roze, D., Stone, G. 2010. Daily temporal structure in African savannah flower-visitation networks, and consequences for network sampling. Ecology, in press (online).

Brody, A.K., Palmer, T.M., Fox-Dobbs, K., Doak, D.F. 2010. Termites, vertebrate herbivores, and the fruiting success of Acacia drepanolobium. Ecology 91: 399-407.

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Larkin, H.M., Sellier, M., Cordingley, J.E., Rubenstein, D.I. 2010. A rare fight in female plains zebra. Journal of Ethology 28: 201-205.

Fox-Dobbs, K., Doak, D.F., Brody, A.K., Palmer, T.M. 2010. Termites create spatial structure and govern ecosystem function by affecting N2 fixation in an East African savanna. Ecology 91: 1296-1307.

Franz, T.E., Caylor, K.K., Nordbotten, J.M., Rodriguez-Iturbe, I., Celia, M.A. 2010. An ecohydrological approach to predicting regional woody species distribution patterns in dryland ecosystems. Advances in Water Resources 33: 215-230.

Funston, P. J., Frank, L., Stephens, T., Davidson, Z., Loveridge, A., Macdonald, D. M., Durant, S., Packer, C., Mosser, A. and Ferreira, S. M. (2010), Substrate and species constraints on the use of track incidences to estimate African large carnivore abundance. Journal of Zoology, 281: 56-65. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2009.00682.x

Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M. 2010. Defensive plant-ants stabilize megaherbivore-driven landscape change in an African savanna. Current Biology 19: 1768-1772.

Goheen, J.R., Palmer, T.M., Keesing, F., Riginos, C., Young, T.P. 2010. Large herbivores facilitate savanna tree establishment via diverse and indirect pathways. Journal of Animal Ecology 79: 372-382.

Gregory, N.C., Sensenig, R.L., Wilcove, D.S. 2010. Effects of controlled fire and livestock grazing on bird communities in East African savannas. Conservation Biology 24: 1606-1616.

Jaffe, K.E. and L.A. Isbell. 2010 Changes in ranging and agonistic behavior of vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops) after predatorā€induced group fusion. American Journal of Primatology 72:634–644.

Kiers, E.T., Palmer, T.M., Ives, A.R., Bruno, J., Bronstein, J.L. 2010. Mutualisms in a changing world: an evolutionary perspective. Ecology Letters 13: 1459-1474.

King, E.G., Caylor, K.K. 2010. Herbivores and mutualistic ants interact to modify tree photosynthesis. New Phytologist 187: 18-22.

Kinyua, D.M., McGeoch, L.E., Georgiadis, N., Young, T.P. 2010. Short-term and long-term effects of tilling, fertilization, and seeding onthe restoration of a tropical rangeland. Restoration Ecology 18S1:226-233.

Kuria, S.K., Villet, M.H., Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L. 2010. A comparison of two sampling methods for surveying mammalian herbivore impacts on beetle communities in the canopy of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. African Entomology 18: 87-98.

Loveridge, A.J., Wang, S.W.,  Frank, L.G.,  and Seidensticker, J. 2010. People and wild felids: conservation of cats and management of conflicts. In The Biology and Conservation of Wild Felids. Ed. by Macdonald, D.  and Loveridge, A. Oxford University Press. Oxford. Pp.

O’Brien, T.G. 2010. Wildlife picture index and biodiversity monitoring: issues and future directions. Animal Conservation 13: 350-352.

O’Brien, T.G., Baillie, J.E.M., Krueger, L., Cuke, M. 2010. The Wildlife Picture Index: monitoring top trophic levels. Animal Conservation 13: 335-343.

Ogada, D.L., Keesing, F. 2010. Decline of raptors over a three-year period in Laikipia, Central Kenya. Journal of Raptor Research 44: 129-135.

Palmer, T.M., Doak, D.F., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P., Bronstein, J.L., Goheen, J.R., Pringle, R.M. 2010. The joy of sets: synergy of multiple partners increases fitness in an ant-plant mutualism. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 17234-17239.

Pringle, R.M., Doak, D.F., Brody, A.K., Jocque´, R., Palmer, T.M. 2010. Spatial pattern enhances ecosystem functioning in an African savanna. PLoS Biology 8: 1-12.

Riginos, C. & J.E. Herrick. Monitoring Rangeland Health: A Guide for Pastoralists and Other Land Managers in Eastern Africa, Version II. Nairobi, Kenya: ELMT-USAID/East Africa. PDF

Rubenstein, D.I. 2010. Ecology, social behavior, and conservation in zebras. In R. Macedo (Ed.), Advances in the Study Behavior: Behavioral Ecology of Tropical Animals, Vol. 42, PP. 231­258.

Sensenig, R., Demment, M., Laca, E. 2010. Allometric scaling predicts preferences for burned patches in a guild of East African grazers. Ecology 91: 2898-2907.

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M. 2010. The high cost of mutualism: effects of four species of East African ant symbionts on their myrmecophyte host tree. Ecology, in press

Sundaresan, S., Riginos, C. 2010. Lessons learned from biodiversity conservation in the private lands of Laikipia, Kenya. Great Plains Research 20: 17-28.

Treydte, A.C., Riginos, C., Jeltsch, F. 2010. Enhanced use of beneath-canopy vegetation by grazing ungulates in African savannahs. Journal of Arid Environments 74: 1597-1603.

Veblen, K.E., Young, T.P. 2010. Contrasting effects of cattle and wildlife on the vegetation development of a savanna landscape mosaic. Journal of Ecology 98: 993-1001.

Woodroffe, R. 2010. Ranging behaviour of African wild dog packs in a human-dominated landscape. Journal of Zoology, doi: 10.1111/j.1469-7998.2010.00747.x.

Woodroffe, R. (In Press). Demography of a recovering African wild dog(Lycaon pictus) population. Journal of Mammalogy.

Yusuf, A.A., Pirk, C.W.W., Crewe, R.M., Njagi, P.G.N., Gordon, I., Torto, B. 2010. Nestmate Recognition and the Role of Cuticular Hydrocarbons in the African Termite Raiding Ant Pachycondyla analis. Journal of Chemical Ecology 36: 441-448.

2009

Campos, D.P., Bander, L.A., Raksi, A., Blumstein, D.T. 2009. Perch exposure and predation risk: a comparative study in passerines. Acta Ethologica 12: 93-98.

Cordingley, J.E., Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Shapiro, B., Ruskey, J., Rubenstein, D.I. 2009. Is the endangered Grevy¹s zebra threatened by hybridization? Animal Conservation 12: 505-513.

Cordingley, J.E., Sundaresan, S.R., Larison, B.J., Shapiro, B., Rubenstein, D.I. 2009. Grevy¹s zebra conservation: overcoming threats of isolation, genetic hybridization and demographic instability. Animal Conservation 12: 520-521.

Didier, K.A., Wilkie, D., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Frank, L., Georgiadis, N., Graham, M., Ihwagi, F., King, A., Cotterill, A., Rubenstein, D.I., Woodroffe, R. 2009. Conservation planning on a budget: a “resource light” method for mapping priorities at a landscape scale? Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 1979-2000.

Fischhoff, I.R., Dushoff, J., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J.E., Rubenstein, D.I. 2009. Reproductive status influences group size and persistence of bonds in male plains zebra (Equus burchelli). Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63: 1035-1043.

Fong, T.E., DeLong, T.W., Hogan, S.B., Blumstein, D.T. 2009. The importance of indirect cues for white-browed sparrow-weaver (Plocepasser mahali) risk assessment. Acta Ethologica 12: 79-85.

Gordon, R. D., and E. Barbero. 2009. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 97(2):135-164 ("2008").

Gurkovich, A. V., and V. V. Zolotuhin. 2009. A revision of the African Odontocheilopteryx Wallengren, 1860 (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 63:77-101, color plates 19-20.

Hazzah, L., Borgerhoff Mulder, M. and Frank, L.G. 2009. Lions and warriors: social factors underlying declining African lion populations and the effect of incentive-based management in Kenya. Biol. Conserv

Isbell, L.A., Young, T.P., Jaffe, K.E., Carlson, A.A., Chancellor, R.L. 2009. Demography and life history of sympatric patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas, and vervets, Cercopithecus aethiops, in Laikipia, Kenya. International Journal of Primatology 30: 103-124.

Jaffe, K.E., Isbell, L.A. 2009. After the fire: benefits of reduced ground cover for vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops). American Journal of Primatology 71: 252-260.

Laidre M.E. 2009. Informative breath: olfactory cues sought during social foraging among old world monkeys (Mandrillus sphinx, M. leucophaeus, and Papio anubis). Journal of Comparative Psychology 123: 34–44.

Low, B., Sundaresan, S.R., Fischoff, I.R., Rubenstein, D.I. 2009. Partnering with local communities to identify conservation priorities for endangered Grevy’s zebra. Biological Conservation 142: 1548-1555.

Maclennan, S.D.,  Groom, R.  Macdonald, D.  W., Frank. L.G.  2009. Evaluation of a compensation scheme to bring about pastoralist tolerance of lions. Biol. Conserv. 142: 2419-2427.

McNutt, J.W., Woodroffe, R. 2009. Lycaon pictus. In J.S. Kingdon, & M. Hoffmann (Eds), The Mammals of Africa Vol 5. Carnivora, Pholidota, Perissodactyla. In J. Kingdon, T. Butynski, & D. Happold (Eds), The Mammals of Africa Vols 1-6.

Muoria, P.K., Muruthi, P., Low, B., Omondi, P., Mutua, C.M., Benard, J., Oguge, N.O., King, J., Sundaresan, S.R., Chege, G., Parker, G. 2009. Kenya launches national strategy to conserve Grevy’s zebra. Oryx 43: 171-172.

Odadi, W.O., Okeyo-Owuor, J.B., Young, T.P 2009. Behavioural responses of cattle to shared foraging with wild herbivores in an East Africa rangeland. Journal of Applied Animal Behaviour Science 116: 120-125.

Ogada, M.O., Aloo, P. A., Muruthi, P. M. 2009. The African clawless otter (Aonyx capensis Schinz, 1821) and its diet as an indicator of crayfish invasion dynamics in aquatic systems. African Journal of Ecology 47: 119-120.

Riginos, C. 2009. Grass competition suppresses savanna tree growth across multiple demographic stages. Ecology 90: 335-340.

Riginos, C., Grace, J.B., Augustine, D.J., Young, T.P. 2009. Local versus landscape-scale effects of savanna trees on grasses. Journal of Ecology 97: 1337-1345.

Rubenstein, D.I., Nuñez, C. 2009. Sociality and reproductive skew in horses and zebras. In R. Hager, & C.B. Jones (Eds.), Reproductive Skew in Vertebrates: Proximate and Ultimate Causes, PP. 196-226.

Rubenstein, D.R., Lovette, I.J. 2009. Reproductive skew and selection on female ornamentation in social species. Nature 462: 786-789.

Rubenstein, D.R., Shen, S.F.. 2009. Reproductive conflict and the costs of social status in cooperatively breeding vertebrates. The American Naturalist 173: 650-661.

Rubin, B.E., Makarewich, C.A., Talaba, A.L., Stenzler, L., Bogdanowicz, S.M., Lovettet, I.J. 2009. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers from the acacia-ant Crematogaster mimosae. Molecular Ecology Resources 9: 1212-1214.

Shorrocks, B., Croft, D.P. 2009. Necks and networks: a preliminary study of population structure in the reticulated giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis reticulata de Winston). African Journal of Ecology 47: 374-381.

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischoff, I.R., Dushoff, J. 2009. Avoiding spurious findings of nonrandom social structure in association data. Animal Behaviour 77: 1381-1385.

Woodroffe, R., Chapman, K. & Lemusana, E. 2009. Solitary breeding in an African wild dog (Lycaon Pictus). African Journal of Ecology 47: 790-791.

Zolotuhin, V. V., and A. V. Gurkovich. 2009. A review of the genus Pachypasa Walker, 1855 sensu lato in Africa (Lepidoptera, Lasiocampidae). Neue Entomologische Nachrichten 63:1-75, color plates 1-18.

2008

Coleman, A., Richardson, D., Schechter, R., Blumstein, D.T. 2008. Does habituation to humans influence predator discrimination in Gunther’s dik-diks (Madoqua guentheri)? Biology Letters 4: 250-252.

De Jong, Y.A., Butynski, T.M., Nekaris, K.A.I. 2008. Distribution and conservation of the patas monkey Erythrocebus patas in Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 97: 83-102.

Dominy, N.J., Vogel, E.R., Yeakel, J.D., Constantino, P., Lucas, P.W. 2008. Mechanical properties of plant underground storage organs and implications for dietary models of early hominins. Evolutionary Biology 35: 159-175.

Franceschini, M.D., Rubenstein, D.I., Low, B., Romero, L.M. 2008. Fecal glucocorticoid metabolite analysis as an indicator of stress during translocation and acclimation in an endangered large mammal, the Grevy’s zebra. Animal Conservation 11: 263-269.

Gordon, R.D., Barbero, E. 2008. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Scarabaeinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 97: 135-164.

Gordon, R.D., Bordat, P., Dellacasa, G., Dellacasa, M. 2008. Dung beetles (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Aphodiinae) of the Mpala Research Centre and environs, Laikipia District, Kenya. Insecta Mundi 28: 1-15.

Laidre, M.E. 2008. Spontaneous performance of wild baboons on three novel food-access puzzles. Animal Cognition 11: 223-230.

Lea, A.J., Barrera, J.P., Tom, L.M., Blumstein, D.T. 2008. Heterospecific eavesdropping in a nonsocial species. Behavioral Ecology 19: 1041-1046.

Lovette, I.J., McCleery, B.V., Talaba, A.L., Rubenstein, D.R. 2008. A complete species-level molecular phylogeny for the “Eurasian” starlings (Sturnidae: Sturnus, Acridotheres, and allies): Recent diversification in a highly social and dispersive avian group. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 47: 251-260.

Martin II, L.B., Rubenstein, D.R. 2008. Stress hormones in tropical birds: patterns and future directions. Ornitologia Neotropical 19: 207-218.

McCauley, D.J., Keesing, F., Young, T.P., Dittmar, K. 2008. Effects of the removal of large herbivores on fleas of small mammals. Journal of Vector Ecology 33: 263-268.

Off, E.C., Isbell, L.A., Young, T.P. 2008. Population density and habitat preferences of the Kenya Lesser Galago (Galago senegalensis braccatus) along the Ewaso Nyiro River, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 97: 109-116.

Ogada, D.L., Gadd, M.E., Ostfeld, R.S., Young, T.P., Keesing, F. 2008. Impacts of large herbivorous mammals on bird diversity and abundance in an African savanna. Oecologia 156: 387-397.

Okello, B.D., Young, T.P., Riginos, C., Kelly, D., O’Connor, T.G. 2008. Short-term survival and long-term mortality of Acacia drepanolobium after a controlled burn. African Journal of Ecology 46: 395-401.

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P., Goheen, J.R., Pringle, R.M., Karban, R. 2008. Breakdown of an ant-plant mutualism follows the loss of large herbivores from an African savanna. Science 319: 192-195.

Pringle, R.M. 2008. Elephants as agents of habitat creation for small vertebrates at the patch scale. Ecology 89: 26-33.

Pringle, R.M., Fox-Dobbs, K. 2008. Coupling of canopy and understory food webs by ground-dwelling predators. Ecology Letters 11: 1328-1337.

Riginos, C., Grace, J.B. 2008. Savanna Tree density, herbivores, and the herbaceous community: Bottom-up vs. top-down effects. Ecology 89: 2228-2238.

Romanach, S.S., Lindsey, P.A. 2008. Conservation implications of prey responses to wild dogs Lycaon pictus during the denning season on wildlife ranches. Animal Conservation 11: 111-117.

Shorrocks, B., Cristescu, B., Magane, S. 2008. Estimating density of Kirk’s dik-dik (Madoqua kirkii Gunther), impala (Aepyceros melampus Lichtenstein) and common zebra (Equus burchelli Gray) at Mpala, Laikipia District, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 46: 612-619.

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Hartung, H.M., Akilong, P., Rubenstein, D.I. 2008. Habitat choice of Grevy’s zebras (Equus grevyi) in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 46: 359-364.

Veblen, K.E. 2008. Season- and herbivore-dependent competition and facilitation in a semiarid savanna. Ecology 89: 1532-1540.

2007

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J., Rubenstein, D.I. 2007. Habitat use and movements of plains zebra (Equus burchelli) in response to predation in danger from lions. Behavioral Ecology 18: 725-729.

Fischhoff, I.R., Sundaresan, S.R., Cordingley, J., Larkin, H.M., Sellier, M.J., Rubenstein, D.I. 2007. Social relationships and reproductive state influence leadership roles in movements of plains zebra, Equus burchelli. Animal Behaviour 73: 825-831.

Georgiadis, N.J., Olwero, J.G.N., Ojwang, G., Romanach, S.S. 2007. Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape: I. Dependence on land use, rainfall, density, and time. Biological Conservation 137: 461-472.

Georgiadis, N.J., Ihwagi, F., Olwero, J.G.N., Romanach, S.S. 2007. Savanna herbivore dynamics in a livestock-dominated landscape. II: Ecological, conservation, and management implications of predator restoration. Biological Conservation 137: 473-483.

Goheen, J.R., Young, T.P., Keesing, F., Palmer, T.M. 2007. Consequences of herbivory by native ungulates for the reproduction of a savanna tree. Journal of Ecology 95: 129- 138.

Isbell, L.A., Chism, J. 2007. Distribution and abundance of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya, 1979-2004. American Journal of Primatology 69: 1223-1235.

Isbell, L.A., Young, T.P. 2007. Interspecific and temporal variation of Ant species within Acacia drepanolobium ant domatia, a staple food of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in Laikipia, Kenya. American Journal of Primatology 69: 1387-1398.

Lovette, I.J., Rubenstein, D.R. 2007. A comprehensive molecular phylogeny of the starlings (Aves: Sturnidae) and mockingbirds (Aves: Mimidae): Congruent mtDNA and nuclear trees for a cosmopolitan avian radiation. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 44: 1031-1056.

Martins, D.J., Johnson, S.D. 2007. Hawkmoth pollination of aerangoid orchids in Kenya, with special reference to nectar sugar concentration gradients in the floral spurs. American Journal of Botany 94: 650-659.

Odadi, W.O., Young, T.P., Okeyo-Owuor, J.B. 2007. Effects of wildlife on cattle diets in Laikipia rangeland, Kenya. Rangeland Ecology and Management 60: 179-185.

Palmer, T.M., Brody, A.K. 2007. Mutualism as reciprocal exploitation: African plant-ants defend foliar but not reproductive structures. Ecology 88: 3004-3011.

Pont, A.C., Baldock, K.C.R. 2007. Two new species of Muscidae (Diptera) from Kenya, associated with flowers of Acacia species (Fabaceae Mimosoideae) and Balanites species (Balanitaceae). Journal of East African Natural History 96: 83-94.

Pringle, R.M., Young, T.P., Rubenstein, D.I., McCauley, D.J. 2007. herbivore-initiated interaction cascades and their modulation by productivity in an African Savanna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 104: 193-97.

Riginos, C., Young, T.P. 2007. Positive and negative Effects of grass, cattle, and wild herbivores on Acacia saplings in an East African savanna. Oecologia 153: 985-995.

Romanach, S.S., Lindsey, P.A., Woodroffe, R. 2007. Determinants of attitudes towards predators in central Kenya and suggestions for increasing tolerance in livestock dominated landscapes. Oryx 41: 185-195.

Rubenstein, D. I., Sundaresan, S., Fischhoff, I., Saltz, D. 2007. Social networks in wild asses: Comparing patterns and processes among populations. In A. Stubbe, P. Kaczensky, K. Wesche, R. Samjaa, & M. Stubbe (eds.), Exploration into the biological resources of mongolia, Vol. 10, PP. 159-176.

Rubenstein, D.R. 2007. Female extrapair mate choice in a cooperative breeder: trading sex for help and increasing offspring heterozygosity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 274: 1895-1903.

Rubenstein, D.R. 2007. Natural history miscellany- Temporal but not spatial environmental variation drives adaptive offspring sex allocation in a plural cooperative breeder. The American Naturalist 170: 155-165.

Rubenstein, D.R. 2007. Stress hormones and sociality: integrating social and environmental stressors. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences 274: 967-975.

Rubenstein, D.R. 2007. Territory quality drives intraspecific patterns of extrapair paternity. Behavioral Ecology 18: 1058-1064.

Rubenstein, D.R., Lovette, I.J. 2007. Temporal environmental variability drives the evolution of cooperative breeding in birds. Current Biology 17: 1414-1419.

Sundaresan, S.R., Fischhoff, I.R., Dushoff, J., Rubenstein, D.I. 2007. Network metrics reveal differences in social organization between two fission-fusion species, Grevy’s zebra and onager. Oecologia 151: 140-149.

Sundaresan, S.R. Fischhoff, I.R., Rubenstein, D.I. 2007. Male harassment influences female movements and associations in Grevy’s zebra (Equus grevyi). Behavioral Ecology 18: 860-865.

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P.A., Romanach, S.S., Ole Ranah, S.M.K. 2007. African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) can subsist on small prey: Implications for conservation. Journal of Mammalogy 88: 181-193.

Woodroffe, R., Frank, L.G., Lindsey, P.A., ole Ranah, S.M.K., Romanach, S. 2007. Livestock husbandry as a tool for carnivore conservation in Africa’s community rangelands: a case-control study. Biodiversity and Conservation 16: 1245-1260.

Young, T.P., Augustine, D.J. 2007. Interspecific variation in the reproductive response of Acacia species to protection from large mammalian herbivores. Biotropica 39: 559-561.

2006

Augustine, D.J., McNaughton, S.J. 2006. Interactive effects of ungulate herbivores, soil fertility, and variable rainfall on ecosystem processes in a semi-arid savanna. Ecosystems 9: 1242-1256.

Douglas-Hamilton, I., Bhalla, S., Wittemyer, G., Vollrath, F. 2006. Behavioural reactions of elephants towards a dying and deceased matriarch. Applied Animal Behavior Science 100: 87-102.

Isbell, L.A. 2006. Snakes as agents of evolutionary change in primate brains. Journal of Human Evolution 51: 1-35.

Lindsey, P.A., Alexander, R., Frank, L.G., Mathieson, A., Romanach, S.S. 2006. Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable. Animal Conservation 9: 283-291.

Lovette, I.J., Rubenstein, D.R., Watetu, W.N. 2006. Provisioning of fledgling conspecifics by males of the brood-parasitic cuckoos Chrysococcyx klaas and C. caprius. The Wilson Journal of Ornithology 118: 99-101.

McCauley, D.J., Keesing, F., Young, T.P., Allan, B.F., Pringle, R.M. 2006. Indirect effects of large herbivores on snakes in an African savanna. Ecology 87: 2657-2663.

O’Reilly, L., Ogada, D., Palmer, T.M., Keesing, F. 2006. Effects of fire on bird diversity and abundance in an East African savanna. African Journal of Ecology 44: 165-170.

Pringle, R.M., Young, T.P., Rubenstein, D.I., McCauley, D.J. 2006. Herbivore-initiated interaction cascades and their modulation by productivity in an African savanna. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 104: 193-197.

Saltz, D., Rubenstein, D.I., White, G.C. 2006. The impact of increased environmental stochasticity due to climate change on the dynamics of Asiatic wild ass. Conservation Biology 20: 1402-1409.

Wall, J., Douglas-Hamilton, I., Vollrath, F. 2006. Elephants avoid costly mountaineering. Current Biology 16: 527-529.

Wood, W.F., Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L. 2006. Volatiles in the mandibular gland of Tetraponera penzigi: A plant ant of the whistling thorn acacia. Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 34: 536-538.

Young, T.P. 2006. Declining rural Populations and the future of biodiversity: missing the forest for the trees? Journal of International Wildlife Law and Policy 9: 319-334.

2005

Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M. 2005. Mortality and greenhouse gas impacts of biomass and petroleum energy futures in Africa. Science 308: 98-103.

Douglas-Hamilton I., Krink, T., Vollrath, F. 2005. Movements and corridors of African elephants in relation to protected areas. Naturwissenschaften 92: 158-163.

Frank, L.G., Woodroffe, R., Ogada, M.O. 2005. People and predators in Laikipia District, Kenya. In People and Wildlife: Conflict or Co-existence? 9: 286-304.

Gadd, M.E. 2005. Conservation outside of parks: attitudes of local people in Laikipia, Kenya. Environmental Conservation 32: 50-63.

Mcrae, S.B., Emlen, S.T., Rubenstein, D.R., Bogdanowicz, S.M. 2005. Polymorphic microsatellite loci in a plural breeder, the grey-capped social weaver (Pseudonigrita arnaudi), isolated with an improved enrichment protocol using fragment size-selection. Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 16-20.

Muoria, P.K., Muruthi, P., Rubenstein, D., Oguge, N.O., Munene, E. 2005. Cross-sectional survey of gastro-intestinal parasites of Grevy’s zebras in southern Samburu, Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 43: 392-395.

Otero-Arnaiz A., Schnabel, A., Glenn, T.C., Schable, N.A., Hagen, C., Ndong, L. 2005. Isolation and characterization of microsatellite markers in the East African tree, Acacia brevispica (Fabaceae: Mimosoideae). Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 366-368.

Quicke, D.L.J., Stanton, M.L. 2005. Trigastrotheca laikipiensis sp. nov. (Hymenoptera: Braconidae): a new species of brood parasitic wasp that attacks foundress queens of three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Journal of Hymenoptera Research 14: 182–190.

Roca, A.L., Georgiadis, N., O’Brien, S.J. 2005. Cytonuclear genomic dissociation in African elephant species. Nature Genetics 37: 96-100.

Rubenstein, D.R. 2005. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in the plural cooperatively breeding superb starling, Lamprotornis superbus. Molecular Ecology Notes 5: 739-744.

Sankaran, M., et al. 2005. Determinants of woody cover in African savannas. Nature 438: 846-849.

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P. 2005. Ecological barriers to early colony establishment in three coexisting acacia-ant species in Kenya. Insectes Sociaux 52: 393-401.

Warui, C.M., Villet, M.H., Young, T.P., Jocque, R. 2005. Influence of grazing by large mammals on the spider community of a Kenyan savanna biome. Journal of Arachnology 33: 269-279.

Woodroffe, R., Frank, L.G. 2005. Lethal control of African lions (Panthera leo): local and regional population impacts. Animal Conservation 8: 91-98.

Woodroffe, R., Lindsey, P., Romanach, S., Stein, A., ole Ranah, S.M.K. 2005. Livestock predation by endangered African wild dogs (Lycaon pictus) in northern Kenya. Biological Conservation 124: 225-234.

Young, T.P., Palmer, T.M., Gadd, M.E. 2005. Competition and compensation among cattle, zebras, and elephants in a semi-arid savanna in Laikipia, Kenya. Biological Conservation 122: 351-359.

Zavala, M.A., Holdo, R.M. 2005. Delayed effects of fire on habitat use by large herbivores in Acacia drepanolobium savanna. African Journal of Ecology 43: 155-157.

Zhang, P., Sadler, C.M., Liu, T., Fischhoff, I., Martonosi, M., Lyons, S.A., Rubenstein, D.I. 2005. Habitat monitoring with ZebraNet: Design and experiences. In N. Bulusu & S. Jha (eds.), Wireless sensor networks: A system perspective, PP. 235-257.

2004

Augustine, D.J. 2004. Influence of cattle management on habitat selection by impala on central Kenya rangeland. Journal of Wildlife Management 68: 916-923.

Augustine, D.J., McNaughton, S.J. 2004. Regulation of shrub dynamics by native browsing ungulates on East African rangeland. Journal of Applied Ecology 41: 45-58.

Augustine, D.J., McNaughton, S.J. 2004. Temporal asynchrony in soil nutrient dynamics and plant production in a semiarid ecosystem. Ecosystems 7: 829- 840.

Downie, D.A., Gullan, P.J. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Coccoidea: Pseudococcidae) based on DNA sequences from three nuclear genes, and a review of the higher classification. Systematic Entomology 29: 238-259.

Ezenwa, V.O. 2004. Host social behavior and parasitic infection: a multifactorial approach. Behavioral Ecology 15: 446-454.

Ezenwa, V.O. 2004. Interactions among host diet, nutritional status and gastrointestinal parasite infection in wild bovids. International Journal of Parasitology 34: 535-542.

Ezenwa, V.O. 2004. Parasite infection rates of impala (Aepyceros melampus) in fenced game reserves in relation to reserve characteristics. Biological Conservation 118: 397-401.

Ezenwa, V.O. 2004. Selective defecation and selective foraging: Antiparasite behavior in wild ungulates? Ethology 110: 851-862.

Frank, L.G. 2004. Taking stock: Lions of Laikipia. Africa Geographic: 34-37.

Goheen, J.R., Keesing, F., Allan, B.F., Ogada, D., Ostfeld, R.S. 2004. Net effects of large mammals on Acacia seedling survival in an African savanna. Ecology 85: 1555-1561.

Huntzinger, M., Karban, R., Young, T.P., Palmer, T.M. 2004. Relaxation of induced indirect defenses of acacias following exclusion of mammalian herbivores. Ecology 85: 609-614.

Liu, T., Sadler, C.M., Zhang, P., Martonosi, M. 2004. Implementing software on resource-constrained mobile sensors: Experiences with impala and ZebraNet. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications, and Services, PP. 256-269.

McCarthy, T., Dorfman, A. 2004. Nowhere to Roam. Time: 30-39.

Palmer, T.M. 2004. Wars of attrition: colony size determines competitive outcomes in a guild of African acacia ants. Animal Behaviour 68: 993-1004.

Rubenstein, D.I. 2004. Zebra Sociality: Different Stripes for Different Types. In Balliol College Record, PP. 18-23.

Rubenstein, D.I., Hack, M. 2004. Natural and sexual selection and the evolution of multi-level societies: insights from zebras with comparisons to primates. In Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Mobile Systems, Applications and Services, PP. 266-279.

Sankaran, M., Augustine, D.J. 2004. Large herbivores suppress decomposer abundance in a semiarid grazing ecosystem. Ecology 85: 1052-1061.

Warui, C.M., Villet, M.H., Young, T.P. 2004. Spiders (Araneae) from black cotton soil habitats of a highland savanna biome in Laikipia, central Kenya. Journal of Afrotropical Zoology 1: 9-20.

Young, T.P. 2004. Fire-induced reproduction of Festuca pilgeri in the subalpine zone of Mount Kenya. African Journal of Ecology 42: 235-236.

2003

Augustine, D.J. 2003. Long-term, livestock-mediated redistribution of nitrogen and phosphorous in an East African savanna. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 137-149.

Augustine, D.J. 2003. Spatial heterogeneity in the herbaceous layer of a semi-arid savanna ecosystem. Plant Ecology 167: 319-332.

Augustine, D.J., McNaughton, S.J., Frank, D.A. 2003. Feedbacks between soil nutrients and large herbivores in a managed savanna ecosystem. Ecological Applications 13: 1325-1337.

Bailis, R., Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M. 2003. Greenhouse gas implications of household energy technology in Kenya. Environmental Science & Technology 37: 2051-2059.

Co, J.E., Jones, T.H., Hefetz, A., Tinaut, A., Snelling, R.R. 2003. The comparative exocrine chemistry of nine Old World species of Messor (Formicidae: Myrmicinae). Biochemical Systematics and Ecology 31: 367-373.

Ezenwa, V.O. 2003. The effects of time of day on the prevalence of coccidian oocysts in antelope faecal samples. African Journal of Ecology 41: 192-193.

Ezenwa, V.O. 2003. Habitat overlap and gastrointestinal parasitism in sympatric African bovids. Parasitology 126: 379-388.

Frank, L., Simpson, D., Woodroffe, R. 2003. Foot snares: an effective method for capturing African lions. Wildlife Society Bulletin 31: 309-314.

Georgiadis, N., Hack, M., Turpin, K. 2003. The influence of rainfall on zebra population dynamics: implications for management. Journal of Applied Ecology 40: 125-136.

Hahn, N.E., Proulx, D., Muruthi, P.M., Alberts, S., Altmann, J. 2003. Gastrointestinal parasites in free-ranging Kenyan baboons (Papio cynocephalus and P. anubis). International Journal of Primatology 24: 271-279.

Jones, T.H., Zottig, V.E., Robertson, H.G., Snelling, R.R. 2003. The venom alkaloids from some African Monomorium species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29: 2721-2727.

Laurent, P., Hamdani, A., Braekman, J.C., Daloze, D., Isbell, L.A., de Biseau, J.C., Pasteels, J.M. 2003. New 1-alk(en)yl-1,3,5-trihydroxycyclohexanes from the Dufour gland of the African ant Crematogaster nigriceps. Tetrahedron Letters 44: 1383-1386.

Ogada, M.O., Woodroffe, R., Oguge, N.O., Frank, L.G. 2003. Limiting depredation by African carnivores: the role of livestock husbandry. Conservation Biology 17: 1521-1530.

Palmer, T.M. 2003. Spatial habitat heterogeneity influences competition and coexistence in an African acacia ant guild. Ecology 84: 2843-2855.

Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L., Young, T.P. 2003. Competition and coexistence: exploring mechanisms that restrict and maintain diversity within mutualist guilds. The American Naturalist 162: S63-S79.

Stone, G.N., Raine, N.E., Prescott, M., Willmer, P.G. 2003. Pollination ecology of Acacias (Fabaceae, Mimosoideae). Australian Systematic Botany 16: 103-118.

Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L., Christian, C.E. 2003. Effects of natural and simulated herbivory on spine lengths of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Oikos 101: 171-179.

2002

Comstock, K.E.., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., Roca, A.L., Ostrander, E.A., O’Brien, S.J., Wasser, S.K. 2002. Patterns of molecular genetic variation among African elephant populations. Molecular Ecology 11: 2489-2498.

Enstam, K.L., Isbell, L.A. 2002. Comparison of responses to alarm calls by patas (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet (Cercopithecus aethiops) monkeys in relation to habitat structure. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 119: 3-14.

Enstam, K.L., Isbell, L.A., De Maar, T.W. 2002. Male demography, female mating behavior, and infanticide in wild patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas). international Journal of Primatology 23: 85-104.

Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M. 2002. Evaluating the health benefits of transitions in household energy technologies in Kenya. Energy Policy 30: 815-826.

Ezzati M., Kammen D.M. 2002. Household energy, indoor air pollution, and health in developing countries: Knowledge base for effective interventions. Annual Review of Energy and the Environment 27: 233-270.

Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M. 2002. The health impacts of exposure to indoor air pollution from solid fuels in developing countries: Knowledge, gaps, and data needs. Environmental Health Perspectives 110: 1057-1068.

Gadd, M.E. 2002. The impact of elephants on the marula tree Sclerocarya birrea. African Journal of Ecology 40: 328-336.

Hack, M.A., East, R., Rubenstein, D.I.. 2002. Status and action plan for the Plains zebra (Equus burchelli). In P.D. Moehlman (ed.), Equids: Zebras, Asses, and Horses. Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Equid Specialist Group, PP. 43-60.

Isbell, L.A., Enstam, K.L. 2002. Predator-(in)sensitive foraging in sympatric female vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas): a test of ecological models of group dispersion. In L.E. Miller (ed.), Eat or Be Eaten: Predation-Sensitive Foraging in Primates, PP. 154-168.

Isbell, L.A., Young, T.P. 2002. Ecological models of female social relationships in primates: similarities, disparities, and some directions for future clarity. Behaviour 139: 177-202.

Juang, P., Oki, H.; Wang Y., Martonosi, M., Peh, L.S., Rubenstein, D. 2002. Energy-efficient computing for wildlife tracking: Design tradeoffs and early experiences with ZebraNet. ACM SIGPLAN Notices 37: 96-107.

Palmer, T.M.., Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L. 2002. Burning bridges: Priority effects and the persistence of a competitively subordinate acacia-ant in Laikipia, Kenya. Oecologia 133: 327-379.

Shaw, M.T., Keesing, F., Ostfeld, R.S. 2002. Herbivory on Acacia seedlings in an East African savanna. Oikos 98: 385-392.

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P. 2002. Competition-colonization trade-offs in a guild of African acacia-ants. Ecological Monographs 72: 347-363.

Vollrath, F., Douglas-Hamilton, I. 2002. African bees to control African elephants. Naturwissenschaften 89: 508-511.

Ward, D., Young, T.P. 2002. Effects of large mammalian herbivores and ant symbionts on condensed tannins of Acacia drepanolobium in Kenya. Journal of Chemical Ecology 28: 921-937.

Wood, W.F., Palmer, T.M., Stanton, M.L. 2002. A comparison of volatiles in mandibular glands from three Crematogaster ant symbionts of the whistling thorn acacia. Biochemical systematic and ecology 30: 217-222.

2001

Carlson, A.A., Isbell, L.A. 2001. Causes and consequences of single-male and multimale mating in free-ranging patas monkeys, Erythrocebus patas. Animal Behavior 62: 1047-1058.

Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M. 2001. Indoor air pollution from biomass combustion and acute respiratory infections in Kenya: an exposure-response study. LANCET 358: 619-624.

Ezzati, M., Kammen, D.M. 2001. Quantifying the effects of exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion on acute respiratory infections in developing countries. Environmental Health Perspectives 109: 481-488.

Frank, L.G., Woodroffe, R. 2001. Behavior of carnivores in exploited and controlled populations. In D. McDonald, R.K. Wayne, & S. Funk (eds.),
Carnivore Conservation: Proceedings of the Symposia of the Zoological Society of London, PP. 419-442.

Gadd, M.E., Young, T.P., Palmer, T.M. 2001. Effects of simulated shoot and leaf herbivory on vegetative growth and plant defense in Acacia drepanolobium. Oikos 92: 515-521.

Garraffo, H.M., Spande, T.F., Jain, P., et al. 2001. Ammonia chemical ionization tandem mass spectrometry in structural determination of alkaloids. II. Tetraponerines from pseudomyrmecine ants. Rapid Communications in Mass SPectometry 15: 1409-1415.

Keesing, F., Crawford, T. 2001. Impacts of density and large mammals on space use by the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Journal of Tropical Ecology 17: 465-472.

Khaemba, W.M., Stein, A., Rasch, D., De Leeuw, J., Georgiadis, N. 2001. Empirically simulated study to compare and validate sampling methods used in aerial surveys of wildlife populations. African Journal of Ecology 39: 374-382.

Mathy, J.M., Isbell, L.A. 2001. The relative importance of size of food and interfood distance in eliciting aggression in captive Rhesus Macaques (Macaca mulatta). Folia Primatologica 72: 268-277.

Metz, M.R., Keesing, F. 2001. Dietary choices of the pouched mouse (Saccostomus mearnsi) in central Kenya. Biotropica 33: 182-187.

Miller, S.E., Lazell, J.D. 2001. A herpetological reconnaissance of Mpala Research Centre, Laikipia, Kenya. Journal of East African Natural History 90: 103-107.

Miller, S.E., Rogo, L.M. 2001. Challenges and opportunities in understanding and utilization of African insect diversity. Cimbebasia 17: 197-218.

Okello, B.D., O’Connor, T.G., Young, T.P. 2001. Growth, biomass estimates, and charcoal production of Acacia drepanolobium in Laikipia, Kenya. Forest Ecology and Management 142: 143-153.

Roca, A.L., Georgiadis, N., Pecon-Slattery, J., O’Brien, S.J. 2001. Genetic evidence for two species of elephant in Africa. Science 293: 1473-1477.

Vogel, G. 2001. African elephant species splits in two. News of the Week. Science 293: 1414.
 

2000

Ezzati, M., Mbinda, B.M., Kammen, D.M. 2000. Comparison of emissions and residential exposure from traditional and improved cookstoves in Kenya. Environmental Science and Technology 34: 578-583.

Ezzati, M., Saleh, H., Kammen, D.M. 2000. The contributions of emissions and spatial microenvironments to exposure to indoor air pollution from biomass combustion in Kenya. Environmental Health Perspectives 108: 833-839.

Keesing, F. 2000. Cryptic consumers and the ecology of an African savanna. BioScience 50: 205-215.

Okello, B.D., Young, T.P. 2000. Effects of fire, bruchid beetles and soil type on germination and seedling establishment of Acacia drepanolobium. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 17: 46-51.

Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., Stanton, M.L., Wenk, E. 2000. Short-term dynamics of an acacia ant community in Laikipia, Kenya. Oecologia 123: 425-435.

Pruetz, J.D., Isbell, L.A. 2000. Correlations of food distribution and patch size with agonistic interactions in female vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) living in simple habitats. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 49: 38-47.

Young, T.P. 2000. Restoration ecology and conservation biology. Biological Conservation 92: 73-83.

1999

Greenwood, A.D., Capelli, C., Possnert, G., Paabo, S. 1999. Nuclear DNA sequences from Late Pleistocene megafauna. Molecular Biology and Evolution 16: 1466-1473.
Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., Young, T.P. 1999. Rank differences in ecological behavior: a comparative study of patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops). International Journal of Primatology 20: 257-272.

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Nzuma, B.M., Young, T.P. 1999. Comparing measures of travel distances in primates: Methodological considerations and socioecological implications. American Journal of Primatology 48: 87-98.

Stanton, M.L., Palmer, T.M., Young, T.P., Evans, A., Turner, M.L. 1999. Sterilization and canopy modification of a swollen thorn acacia tree by a plant-ant. Nature 401: 578-581.
 

1998

Isbell, L.A. 1998. Diet for a small primate: insectivory and gummivory in the (large) patas monkey (Erythroocebus patas pyrrhonotus). American Journal of Primatology 45: 381-398.

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D. 1998. Differences between vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) in agonistic interactions between adult females. International Journal of Primatology 19: 837-855.

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Lewis, M., Young, T.P. 1998. Locomotor activity differences between sympatric patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) and vervet monkeys (Cercopithecus aethiops): implications for the evolution of long hindlimb length in Homo. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 105: 199-207.

Isbell, L.A., Pruetz, J.D., Young, T.P. 1998. Movements of vervets (Cercopithecus aethiops) and patas monkeys (Erythrocebus patas) as estimators of food resource size, density, and distribution. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 42: 123-133.

Keesing, F. 1998. Ecology and behavior of the pouched mouse, Saccostomus mearnsi, in central Kenya. Journal of Mammalogy 79: 919-931.

Keesing, F. 1998. Impacts of ungulates on the demography and diversity of small mammals in central Kenya. Oecologia 116: 381-389.

McNaughton, S.J., Stronach, N.R.H., Georgiadis, N.J. 1998. Combustion in natural fires and global emissions budgets. Ecological Applications 8: 464-468.

Young, T.P., Okello, B.D. 1998. Relaxation of an induced defense after exclusion of herbivores: spines on Acacia drepanolobium. Oecologia 115: 508-513.

Young, T.P., Okello, B.D., Kinyua, D., & Palmer, T.M. 1998. KLEE: a long-term multi-species herbivore exclusion experiment in Laikipia, Kenya. African Journal of Range and Forage Science 14: 94-104.

1997

Young, T.P., Stubblefield, C.H., Isbell, L.A. 1997. Ants on swollen-thorn acacias: species coexistence in a simple system. Oecologia 109: 98-107.

1996

Isbell, L.A., Van Vuren, D. 1996. Differential costs of locational and social dispersal and their consequences for female group-living primates. Behaviour 133: 1 – 36.

1995

Young, T.P. 1995. Landscape mosaics created by canopy gaps, forest edges and bushland glades. Selbyana 16: 127-134.

Young, T.P., Partridge, N., Macrae, A. 1995. Long-term glades in acacia bushland and their edge effects in Laikipia, Kenya. Ecological Applications 5: 97-108.